The Qiongzhou Strait lies between Hainan Island and the mainland of the motherland. The national “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” clearly stated that “research and construction of the Qiongzhou Strait cross-sea project”, but due to various reasons, the project has not yet made substantial progress.
In the context of accelerating the establishment of a new development pattern in my country and the comprehensive deepening of reform and opening up in Hainan, starting the construction of the Qiongzhou Strait The best choice for the development pattern is an urgent measure to break the “bottleneck” of the long-term constraints on Hainan’s economic and social development and build Hainan Free Trade Port with high standards and high quality. The author believes that the “cross-sea channel project” should be put on the agenda and included in the national “14th Five-Year Plan”, and research and demonstration on project construction, technical solutions, investment and operation models should be accelerated, and we should strive to be in the “14th Five-Year Plan”. Substantial construction of the project will be initiated in the late period of the Five-Year Plan or the early period of the Fifteenth Five-Year Plan, with a view to completion and opening to traffic around 2030.
1. The construction of the Qiongzhou Strait Passage is of extraordinary strategic significance
(1) It will give my country a new strategic significance for the “double cycle”
The Fifth Plenary Session of the Nineteenth Central Committee of the Communist Party of China proposed that my country will accelerate the construction of a new development pattern in which the domestic cycle is the main body and the domestic and international double cycles promote each other. Building a comprehensive comprehensive transportation channel is an important support for improving the modern logistics system. As a major project to improve the comprehensive three-dimensional transportation network of the country, the Qiongzhou Strait “Cross-Sea Passage Project” is undoubtedly a landmark project of great symbolic significance for the construction of a powerful transportation country, and it has an irreplaceable special significance for the current promotion of the formation of a new development pattern.
Opening up the “main artery” of the Qiongzhou Strait channel is the top priority for Hainan to actively participate in the “double cycle”. Qiongzhou Strait is windy all year round. The average number of days with winds above level 6 is about 170 days per year, of which 15.5 days are for winds above level 8, and the maximum wind is above level 12 from July to September. In addition, heavy fog is frequent from December to February of the following year, and navigation conditions are good and time lag. The negative impact of weather and other factors on cross-sea ferry and shipping is prominent, and the problems of “unblocked traffic” and low efficiency of the Qiongzhou Strait have become increasingly prominent. As an important part of my country’s “ten vertical and ten horizontal” national comprehensive transportation corridors and coastal transportation corridors, the construction of the “cross-sea passage project” will greatly enhance the “all-weather” capacity and transportation efficiency of the Qiongzhou Strait, and it will also effectively eliminate obstacles to production. Traffic barriers to the flow of elements.
Hainan will therefore become an important hub for China Unicom’s “double loop”. The construction of the “cross-sea channel project” will improve the distance between Hainan Free Trade Port and the mainlandThe level of facilitation of transportation and customs clearance will improve the facilitation of the exchanges with inland goods and personnel. At the same time, it will also promote the development of Hainan’s “land-sea integration, land-sea linkage”, promote the construction of a new land-sea channel international shipping hub in the western part of Hainan, greatly enhance Hainan’s interconnection and openness to the outside world, and attract more logistics and industries The clustering of projects in Hainan will help Hainan make full use of its geographical advantage of connecting China and ASEAN markets by relying on the South China Sea, fully integrate into the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP), become the frontier of China’s deep integration into the global economic landscape, and become an international capital talent An important bridge between “bringing in” and “going out” of domestic market players.
(2) Promoting coordinated regional development with “new economic growth poles”
The Central Plenary Session proposed that it is necessary to adhere to the implementation of major regional strategies, regional coordinated development strategies, and main functional zone strategies, improve regional coordinated development systems and mechanisms, and promote regional coordinated development. As a major national infrastructure, the “Cross-Sea Passage Project” will eliminate the long-term traffic bottleneck restricting the development of Hainan, enhance the coordinated and integrated development of Hainan and neighboring provinces (cities), expand new space for regional development, and realize the “Hainan Free Trade Port” “Complementary and coordinated development with regional development strategies such as the “Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area” and “Beibu Gulf City Cluster”. In this sense, the construction of the Qiongzhou Strait cross-sea channel will fundamentally solve the “flow and hinterland” issues that restrict the development of Hainan.
On the one hand, the construction of the “cross-sea channel project” will help “spillover” the advantages and effects of the free trade port policy to surrounding areas. Changing the Leizhou Peninsula and Western Guangdong from the geographic “tip” of my country’s mainland to the new “frontier” of reform and opening up will drive the economic leaping development of western Guangdong and the Beibu Gulf rim area, and will also strengthen the relationship among cities in Hainan, eastern Guangxi, and western Guangdong. Cooperation in tourism, agriculture, processing and manufacturing among other industries will promote the realization of regional coordinated opening and dislocation development, and create a new economic growth pole of the “Qiongzhou Strait Economic Belt-Leizhou Peninsula-Beibu Gulf City Cluster”.
On the other hand, the construction of the “Cross-Sea Passage Project” will benefit the Hainan Free Trade Port and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, the Shenzhen Pilot Demonstration Zone of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics and the Pan The Pearl River Delta has formed a new sub-regional open economy in my country. Integrate the advantages of Hainan’s opening up with the advantages of industries and huge consumer markets in key cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the Pan-Pearl River Delta, aiming to establish a closer new supply and consumption cluster with industries and markets as links, and It has become a new sub-regional open economic sector in South China in the new era.
(3) Significantly enhance the ability to serve the country’s major strategies