This article is from WeChat official account:Yangcun Media (ID: yangcunmedia) , author: Zhang Qi, the original title: “” nbnhhsh = can not say something nice? “: abbreviation cultural observation | microscopic world,” head of FIG. source: IC photo

The abbreviation culture gradually penetrated into people’s daily life and began to affect the context of communication. It is worth thinking about whether this carnival about internet buzzwords will in turn affect people’s language habits and even language systems?

“I heard that yccb has been updated again today!” “I just finished reading it. U1s1 is really good. I want to make a round of pyq!” Do you understand this sentence? Of course, those who understand are the Internet residents who surf all the time. Don’t worry if you don’t understand, let the lamb take you to break the language barrier of abbreviations!

“Network abbreviation” refers to the pronoun formed by extracting the first letter of the text. It is a set of discourse system that is difficult for non-internet senior surfers to understand, but because of its simple form, convenient input, instant emotional transmission and virtual community Regional and used by the general public. Below is a collection of commonly used abbreviations compiled by Xiaoyang for everyone:

u1s1 There is one thing to say dbq I’m sorry

pl beautiful zqsg true feelings

Contact me in cpdd relationship (mostly used in games)

ssmy Prosperity Beauty bz Remarks

xxs Elementary school students drl disturbed

xsw>, is a commonly used idiot. Rice circle abbreviations are generally divided into three categories: the first category is commonly used nouns, which are reflected in fixed collocation words that are widely spread, such as yysy (one to say one), szd(is true), etc.; the second type is obscure expression, in order to facilitate the release of sensitive words or gossip, but do not want to be straightforward Conflict with the other party, so use abbreviations to refer to them implicitly, mainly as the abbreviations of celebrities (especially traffic celebrities); the third category Refers to nouns, mainly using specific noun abbreviations to describe a group of groups, such as ky (abbreviations taken from Japanese pronunciation, describing people who have no vision and speak incompatible with the atmosphere Person), pxj (the pinyin abbreviation of “Pan Xiaojiang”, referring to the low-age users of station b who are’to criticize others to establish a sense of self-superiority’) , djll(abbreviation of “top traffic”, refers to very well-known traffic stars and artists).

The abbreviation of the original rice circle is a code word circulated within fans, which is mainly circulated among fans and belongs to the “self-entertainment” of the star-chasing cultural circle. However, with the development and dissemination of the Internet, the abbreviation of the rice circle gradually broke the circle and formed a new category of Internet buzzwords. From the meal circle to the out circle, the abbreviation language began to show new communication characteristics.

2. Out of the circle: abbreviated subculture of youth

The first to spread the abbreviation culture widely outside the “circle” was after 05, and alreadyDifferent adults with mature contexts, elementary and middle school students are more accustomed to choosing different language variants in different contexts. They follow popular culture and new things, and extend other abbreviated nouns outside the language of the meal circle. In daily communication. The expression of abbreviation not only satisfies their “different” self-shaping, it also strengthens their peers’ sense of identity with themselves, and serves as a communication tool for them to surf the Internet and self-vent their emotions.

With the development of the Internet, the relationship between information transmission and reception is no longer a one-way communication from top to bottom, but an interactive two-way communication, or even a subversive communication from the bottom up. As a new communication phenomenon, the abbreviation language itself simplifies the process of information transmission. Relying on the rapidity and openness of network communication, it gradually spreads from the “rice circle” and “youth circle” to the entire network, becoming one A popular network language system.

From “popularity” to “criticism”: the reconstruction of language system by abbreviated culture

1. Popularity: “discourse characteristics” constructed by abbreviated language

“Everything is shrinkable”, and the abbreviated language is only the “tip of the iceberg” in the huge network language system. The randomness and alternation of the network language urge it to be constantly replaced and selected, innovated and eliminated. In the process of deconstructing traditional discourse, abbreviated language also constructs its own discourse characteristics.

The abbreviations show two distinctive features. One is “lexicalization”. According to Schram’s probability formula of choice: Possibility of choice = Expectation of return / effort level, we can see that it is cutting-edge and concise The abbreviation language is more labor-saving in expression, increasing the possibility of young people choosing to use it. The second is “re-expression”. The signifier and the signified of a sign are arbitrary. The relationship between them is not inevitable, and the resulting meaning is not single. We will have multiple interpretations of an object. Abbreviation language constructs a unique way of interpretation through the “re-expression” of existing vocabulary. For example, the term “One Says One” originally had no other meaning, but after abbreviation and meaning, the current U1s1 not only expresses reason and recognition, but also adds an emphatic emotional color, such as: “U1s1, Indeed!”, “U1s1, XX is God!”.

The meaning of language signs is not pre-existing, but is given by the culture shared by a group, and is a symbol of representativeness and identity among a group. We can see that this “re-expression” method perfectly adapts to the social context of the current Internet users, and it also showsIt shows their attitude towards life that advocates simplicity and unconventionalism. These network terms have distinct group characteristics and era characteristics, and are presented in a different way of opposition from the past. Behind it reflects the current netizens’ resistance to the established logical system and the reappearance of self-expression.

2. Review: Abbreviated language is also a barrier to communication

McLuhan predicted that people entering the electronic age will re-tribalize. Nowadays, various circles in the cyberspace gathered by “fun fate” are producing new words every day, every hour, every minute, and every second. And these new languages ​​are constantly penetrating into our existing languages. Network abbreviations, with their outstanding characteristics such as displaying individuality and dividing language communities, have shown strong vitality in cyberspace, and quickly spread to real life, and then began to “produce-spread” online to “reproduce again offline -” The spread of “re-spread”.

“When our daily life is full of abbreviations” (Image source: Weibo user@段子手bot)

The abbreviation culture gradually penetrated into real life, and began to affect people’s language expression habits and discourse structure in reality. On the whole, online language carries multi-level cultural connotations, and its influence also shows a multi-dimensional development trend-including language, communication media, cultural symbols, and contemporary customs. Its influence has penetrated into society, Life, education and other aspects have increasingly profound influence on traditional language and even social culture.

Abbreviations are indeed more novel and concise expressions, but when online buzzwords are overused, carnivals, games, and entertainment often lead to cultural loss of clear direction, especially for young people. The important issue is the issue of language education. The aborigines of Generation Z not only receive, disseminate, and create online language on the Internet, but also use online language in their daily communication, composition, and essays. They can often hear students using online language even in the classroom. BuzzwordsThe unthinking acceptance and high-frequency excessive use of language not only ignores the traditional and standardized use of language and writing, but also interferes with the normal language learning environment and leads to the degradation of language ability.

For the older generation, reading these abbreviations is like translating Morse code. The use of abbreviation language creates a deeper gap between communication. The intergenerational communication of abbreviated language is facing great difficulties in the Internet field-because in addition to the new generation of Internet aborigines, the generation transferred from traditional media cannot quickly understand this language form. Under such circumstances, the discourse established by the younger generation is still in a state of “aphasia”. There is an insurmountable gap between the two discourses. The “separation” will hinder intergenerational communication, and the two generations will communicate with each other. Communication will be more difficult to carry out.

Professor Yu Genyuan, the editor of “Chinese Internet Language Dictionary”, once said, “Language must have a stable inner core and an active outer layer.” There should be a gap between the inner meaning and outer form of language. It is complementary rather than opposing relationship. Abbreviated language is precisely the active outer part of the language system. When we face it, we should not respect and use it in all directions, nor should we kill it immediately. Instead, we should take a cautious look at the carnival. The discourse system that has been subtly changed should be appropriately used in the appropriate field of communication and expression.


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[2]Sui Yan, Li Yan. On the effect of Internet language on the social communication of individual emotions[J]. International News, 2020,42(01):79- 98.

[3]Zhang Yuran. Deconstruction and Construction of Discourse Behind Internet Terms[J].Young Journalist,2019(26):14-15.

This article is from WeChat official account:Yangcun Media (ID: yangcunmedia) , author: Zhang Qi