People hope that they can use their love of interest to offset the troubles of their work and make them work more enthusiastically.

Specially set up a [Reading] section for reading, screening some books worth reading, and providing some summaries. I hope that you have a book on your hand to let the movement of reading continue.

In the knowledge, I have seen a problem:

Some people say that if you are interested, please don’t take it as a career, because the profession will ruin it; others say that only when you take interest as your own career will you be happy. So should we treat interest as a career?

Some people will use your own personal experience to advise you not to take interest as a profession; but others have used practical actions to prove that their work is interest.

This is a long-lasting topic and will never discuss a standard answer.

But it is certain that people want to use their love of interest to offset the hardships of their work and to work more enthusiastically.

1, Holland’s theory of professional interest

The famous career guidance expert John Hollander divides people’s professional interests into six types: reality, research, art, society, regular and enterprise.

What are the characteristics of these different types?

Real-type people tend to value the value of real things, have strong hands-on ability and coordination of movements, and are flexible in their work, but they often lack the skills of interpersonal communication and are not interested in personnel management and supervision. They are often willing to engage in transactional work, prefer outdoor activities or machine operations, and do not like to work in the office. Typical occupations include manufacturing, fisheries, machinery maintenance, agriculture, and forestry.

Researchers have a strong interest in abstract concepts and statistical analysis. They tend to solve complex problems through thinking analysis and like creative and challenging work. But they generally do not take the initiative to do management, leadership or interpersonal work, but prefer to work independently.

The corresponding occupations include analysts, biologists, laboratory staff, engineering designers, physicists, and management consultants.

Artistic people are creative, imaginative, show a clear preference for work with self-expression space, like self-expression, and like writing, music, art and drama. What they have in common with research people is that they have a clear tendency to create. They are not very fond of occupations and environments with a high degree of structure (high degree of standardization), and they lack interest in mechanical and stylized work. They all prefer to act independently. The matching professions include writers, artists, musicians, poets, cartoonists, actors, theatre directors, composers, band conductors and interior decorators.

Social people are happy to work in interpersonal communication and like to work with others.They are usually good at talking and willing to get along with others. They are accustomed to solving problems by discussing or adjusting interpersonal relationships with others, and are not interested in the work of machinery and articles. The occupations matching this type include teachers, social workers, pastors, psychological counselors, and service industry personnel.

Regular people like work with clear rules and clear requirements, and do not adapt to the work of fuzzy rules and free space. They do not like active decision-making, but are accustomed to passive obedience, generally more loyal, reliable, and conservative. They work carefully, have patience, care about social status and social evaluation, and are usually willing to do general affairs in large institutions. The occupations that match this type of include bank staff, librarians, accountants, cashiers, statisticians, computer operators, and office staff.

Enterprise people like to influence, manage and lead others. They have strong initiative, self-confidence, adventurousness, and like to dominate others, but they don’t like work that is too specific or requires a lot of concentration for a long time. Boring and boring. The occupations matching this type include management personnel, lawyers, politicians, sales personnel, public relations personnel, purchasers, investors, and insurance agents.

Holland also found that the above six types of professional interests are not completely independent, but have a certain degree of relevance. He uses a hexagon to express the relationship between these six types of professional interests.

Working activities involve nothing more than four elements: people, things, specific materials, and abstract concepts.

There are three relationships here:

  • Relative relationship: In the diagonal position, the common point is the least, and generally does not have both types. For example, research type (I) and enterprise type (E), generally do business, do not like to engage in learning, do not engage in business is not good at business; for example, real (R) and social (S), engage in machinery Most of the repairs don’t like or are not good at interpersonal interactions. Most people who are good at interpersonal communication also hate to carry out various appliance operations.

  • Adjacency: It is in an adjacent position and has more common points. For example, both art (A) and research (I) are immersed in the feeling of self-small world; on the contrary, corporate (E) and social (S) are sprinkled with fragrance.

  • Interval relationship: between relative and adjacent relationships.

In fact, many people do not have a single type of professional interest, so Hollander gives a combination of three codes – the top three in the six categories.

How do you judge your interests? The following ways are available for reference:

  • Think about the books you read, the magazines you order, and what you want to see when you open a newspaper.

  • Think about the knowledge you get only because you are interested in a particular field. For example, the areas I focus on are human resource development, career development, and talent assessment.

  • Think about your volunteer work – there are no repetitive tasks that you are asking for and you are happy to do.

  • Find out all the work you’ve done in the past, and say as much as possible about what’s particularly exciting and satisfying at work and something that’s particularly boring or discouraged. For example, when I was a graduate student, I started to give one-on-one instructor guidance to the company. I was very fulfilled. After the work, teaching and counseling were also done very well, but I was very tired of all sorts of documentation.

Then, we can judge our own Holland code by evaluation or self-assessment. For example, my occupation code is I (research type), E (enterprise type), S (social type).

2, district sharing and interest

A lot of people, when you ask his interest, it is estimated that his answer is probably “food, shopping, travel, music and movies”, and may also include reading, but his so-called reading may not be reading textbooks or monographs, but It is a romance and literary works.

Why do I specifically mention the type of reading?

Because it is easy for everyone to discover that interest and enjoyment are actually different.

  • Happiness is a human nature. You don’t need much effort or effort to get positive feedback and excitement, such as eating a variety of food, watching movies, listening to music or reading romance novels.

  • The English expression of interest is interest, ie inter-est, to get deeper into it, gain knowledge in this area or participate in it, experience emotional satisfaction, and then have more enthusiasm and motivation. Is an interest.

There are people who don’t need your efforts to get positive feedback and excitement. In fact, more often you need to try to restrain yourself from doing it; you need to spend time and energy to get to know it and understand it. Even if you are good at it, then you can bring positive feedback and stimulation to your interest.

3, distinguish interest and career interest

To understand the difference between interest and professional interest, you must first truly understand the “career.”

Occupation is a work that participates in social division of labor, uses specialized knowledge and skills to meet the needs of others or society, obtains reasonable remuneration, serves as a source of material life, and satisfies spiritual needs.

  • Occupation is your place in social division and exchange.

  • A career is your source of income.

  • A career requires you to have the knowledge and skills to meet the needs of others or society.

  • Occupation can get paid.

Visible, there is no limit or requirement for interest, as long as it does not harm society and others.

Career interests must be considered: 1. Social needs can be exchanged for income; 2. You have the relevant knowledge and skills to meet the needs of others or society.

These two are actually the most important and fundamental principles.

Of course, while satisfying these two principles, you can also take care of your interests, because in this way: First, you are more motivated to learn relevant knowledge and acquisition-related skills; secondly, you can better meet The needs of others are conducive to their own professional development; finally, work and life are more enjoyable.

4, interest and career, how to deal with it

How to deal with interests and career choices?

1 Try to choose a job that matches your personality, consider your interests and personality

It is still necessary to consider interest when choosing a job.

A large number of studies have shown a clear correlation between interest and job satisfaction, career stability and professional achievement. Engaging in a career of your own interest can enhance the enthusiasm of our work, enhance the satisfaction of our work, and help us to develop our talents and achieve good performance.

We can use the previous Hollander career interest classification to conduct self-assessment and analysis, select those careers that are relatively interesting to us, or at least exclude those that clearly do not match their interests and personality.

In my case, I first exclude C (conventional type). I hate to work step by step and rigid work. Next, I exclude R (reality type). The reason is very simple. I am too lazy to do it. I think various tools and operations. It’s boring.

So, such as accounting, cashiers, administrative assistants, and various types of operations, I really don’t like it, and it doesn’t suit me.

If a person’s chosen career is in serious conflict with his or her own interests and personality, it will still be a little troublesome.

Mingzong Zongzhu is a carpenter who loves to work as a carpenter. Every day, all kinds of carpenters are doing a lot of fun. The most annoying thing is to bother him when he is a carpenter. Unfortunately, he is an emperor. How can such a position of power and conspiracy be intertwined to allow him to indulge in carpenter work? Wei Zhongxian seized on this characteristic, and every time he played the carpenter’s life, he heard the news, and the emperor heard it.Impatient, send him away and say: “I know, you can do it.” In the end, it led to the fall of power.

So, it is necessary to try to choose a job that matches your personality and consider your own interests.

However, we don’t have to choose a career that exactly corresponds to our interests. On the one hand, the individual itself is a complex of multiple types of interests, which is suitable for more than one kind of work; on the other hand, many people do not know their own interests at all, or there is nothing particularly interesting.

Since there is nothing particularly interesting or annoying, simply ignore the interests and focus on two issues: one is your strengths and expertise, and the other is your own and the needs of society.

If you don’t even know what your needs are, it’s even simpler: Under 27 years of age to pursue learning and growth, to find a platform or breakthrough point around 30, about 35 years old to seek to develop their own business and make more money, 40 When I was 50 years old, I tried to promote my fortune.

2 Career needs are more critical than interests

A long time ago, Adam Smith invented the division of labor for the production of pin: the first person is responsible for feeding, the second person is responsible for straightening, the third person is responsible for cutting, the fourth person is responsible for assembly, and the fifth person is responsible for assembly. Responsible for polishing.

In the industrial society, most organizations need such a mechanism. Many occupations have become complicated, trivial or repetitive tasks, such as accounting, cashiers, sales clerk, personnel administration, etc., and some are dirty or heavy. Occupations with high requirements, such as engineers and doctors, are high, and construction workers and cleaners are dirty and tired.

These jobs either need to be professionally trained or not easily interesting.

Because the activities of interest are generally relatively easy and varied, making you feel comfortable and happy.

So, ask yourself, is your interest and hobbies productive?

More precisely, combine social needs with your interests. For example, if you like to play games, you can only be interested if you can’t play the top game masters in the world.

In a profession or field where social needs are small, it can only become your profession when you are outstanding.

People live in the world, survival is the most fundamental, and even if you like your work, there will be a lot of dissatisfaction and dislike. For example, if you like design, you may encounter all kinds of martyrdom. They don’t know their exact needs and don’t understand the design. They can just tell you how to make a fuss.

3 The key is to be competent

Many people say that they are not interested in the major they are studying or in their careers. In fact, it is more likely that he is not good at it.

The majority who don’t like to sing are because they don’t sing well. They don’t like to play mahjong because they are always losing because they play mahjong. They lose money and have no face. Of course, there will always be some people who don’t know how to measure. They obviously don’t know how to use their voices. They always like to use their songs to torture people around them. They have limited social skills, but they also like to socialize everywhere, thinking that others are treating him as a big brother…

It’s hard for us to like things we’re not good at, because these things can easily bring us anxiety and frustration, and even serious self-doubt. In fact, it is not because one person is very interested in one thing, so he succeeded; on the contrary, because of success, with sense of competence, autonomy, sense of accomplishment, and outside recognition, he would like this. Something, then interested.

So, the key is to be competent: on the one hand, the more you are competent, the more you can work at work, the more likely you are to have a sense of accomplishment, and the more you will be interested; on the other hand, The more competent you are, the easier it is to gain outside recognition, and the more secure your salary and development.

To be interested in career, one of the most fundamental conditions is that you have enough knowledge and skills. Designers, directors, consultants, trainers… all need long-term training and learning.

When you are just getting started, don’t use your interest as an excuse to cover up your incompetence.

Excerpt from “efficient iteration”, author: Feng lifting

Reading | How to choose for interest and career

Author introduction

Feng Qisheng, Master of Human Resources Development, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, formerly a human resources management professional teacher, director of the teaching and research section of an independent college, senior consultant of management consulting, training lecturer, now the founder of “Thinking Bulb”, dedicated to individual human resource development Research with career development.