How to be lonely and old?
Editor’s note: This article is from WeChat public number “正解局” (ID:zhengjieclub), the author is solving the situation.
How old is it? This is the problem that every one of us will face.
Old is not a thief.
This sentence comes from the Analects of Confucius. It is the words of Confucius who scolds “old and no virtue”.
Used here today, not to blame Japan, but to discuss the aging of Japan’s aging products – the employment of the elderly.
If you are old and not dead, you must consider “old and how to live.”
Returning to employment, Japan has set off a wave of old-age employment
You are still young, you may not think of the old and the old, but also rely on delivery to ask for life. This cruel reality seems to be far away from us, but it has spread in Japan.
In 2016, Uber Eats actively recruited retired people to take delivery after landing in the Japanese market. Despite the take-out test, but because of the low employment threshold, the elderly who want to get the job are eagerly awaited.
(Japanese seniors take delivery)
As long as I can find a job, what about a takeaway?
In today’s Japan, under the multiple pressures of economic bubble, aging and declining birth, the older generation has worked for most of their lives and returned to work, which has set off a wave of old-age employment.
According to the statistics of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan, the employment rate of the elderly aged 65 to 69 in 2014 reached 40.7%. In 2017, the number of workers over 65 years old in Japan was nearly 8.07 million, and the employed population accounted for 12.4% of the total employed population.
(Proportion of employed men and women over 65 years old)
Among them, service industry and manufacturing industry are the most common. For example, in the taxi industry, older drivers can be seen everywhere. Other services such as security, cleaning, waiters, cashiers, airport guides, etc., are also busy with the elderly.
In the tide of employment for the elderly, physical strength is also very popular. At the Kamagesaki Town Employment Center, employers come to work every morning, mostly heavy physical labor on construction sites. The elderly wait in line and take the car when they are enough.
(temporary recruitment requirements, seniors queue up for employment)
Shandong Electric Company of Tokushima City has 20% of employees over the age of 65. It is in the manufacturing industry, and it does not work day and night.
Poetry, distance, and promotion of employment for the elderly
The employment of the elderly in Japan is not only poetry and distance, but also the eyes of the present.
Poetry and distance, it is the belief that “the life is alive” in Japanese culture.
In ancient Japanese, “Lifetime Suspense” is used to express the determination to fight for death, and to refer to the spirit of trying to make a lifetime and to die. The old man in Japan thinks that “no work, it will get old”, and he will not accept the old to win the dignity of life.
Animation master Gao Yixun, 77-year-old is still instructing the film “Hui Ye Ji Wu Yu”; 70-year-old “tempura of the gods”, early E., said that she can work until 130 years old to retire. “Sushi God” Ono Jiro until the age of 80, also insists on making sushi for customers every day; Japanese royal doctor Hinohara, 104 years old still sticks to the post……
(“Sushi God” Ono Jiro)
The belief that “the life is alive” is deep in Japanese societyPeople’s hearts have also promoted the tide of senior employment.
In front of you, it refers to the bankruptcy crisis faced by the elderly in Japan.
A large part of the elderly is forced by their lives and has to participate in the tide of employment. They admit that “I didn’t expect to live for so long”, “the pension is not enough.”
Japan NHK has a documentary called “The Age of the Youth League, the Elderly Bankruptcy of the Elderly”, which shows the old man born in Japan from 1947 to 1951, or the old man who is unaccompanied, or feeds his family, and has no choice but to persist in his work.
(Figure: a generation of clumps in the sandwich layer)
The 69-year-old estuary in the documentary is lonely and old. The 90-year-old mother lives in the aged care center and needs him to support a certain monthly expenses. The son who lives in Tokyo is under great pressure and expects his father to Give him a little pressure. He was ashamed of the bag and had to rely on the hospital to drive an ambulance to earn some money and maintain his subsequent livelihood.
Many Japanese elderly people are like the elderly in the estuary, in order to support themselves, or to support a family, re-employment.
Elderly employment, not so easy
Elderly employment is far more difficult than imagined. Productivity, concentration, and physical decline are all hard injuries.
The old Japanese taxi driver was labeled by the foreign media as a terrible driver. Although it is hard to hear, it is not an exaggeration. With the deterioration of the physiological functions of the elderly, senior drivers face many safety hazards. In 2017, an 81-year-old taxi driver drove a passenger to walk 500 meters and was injured by negligent driving.
(Japanese elderly taxi driver)
In addition, the difficulty of renting a house for the elderly also hinders re-employment. Japan’s “Old Age Social Book” shows that 65.6% of people over 65 years old live alone. Many elderly people still live renting after retirement, and the landlord is worried that the elderly can’t afford rent, “lonely die”, etc., most of them are not willing to rent. To the elderly.
The “unfriendly” of the society to the elderly is not only reflected in the rental market – “the government no longer needs to provide benefits for the old and the weak” and “the elderly devour the social wealth” has become a common social psychology.
The phenomenon of “abandoning old age and being old” is serious and fails to provide a fair and open employment environment for the elderly. In the workplace, the age gap between the elderly and the young people cannot be exceeded, and the learning ability is declining. The space for the elderly in the workplace is very narrow.
Being helpless, more and more elderly people have to use cosmetic surgery to increase their workplace power. A 66-year-old male employee in Tokyo was decisively receiving subcutaneous injections at a plastic surgery hospital to remove wrinkles and age spots.
The development of the country depends on the elderly
The Japanese government also recognizes the difficulties faced by the elderly in employment and actively promotes the social design of the “100-year-old plan of life”, which involves various aspects such as enterprises, financial services, and urban infrastructure, in order to create an “age-friendly” workplace. Work hard for the environment.
The Japanese society has also appeared in the headhunting company for silver talent. Each city has also established an “Elderly Talent Center” to provide temporary employment opportunities for the elderly.
Elderly entrepreneurship may be a better choice than a difficult job. In 2012, more than 30% of the newly-employed people in Japan were 60-year-olds. Compared with young people, the elderly have more savings, plus experienced experience, a wider network of people, and a more peaceful mind. These advantages have inspired older people to start businesses.
The Japanese government is also actively supporting the elderly to start a business, and actively promotes the “Elderly Entrepreneur Support Fund” loan system. The elderly can get up to 72 million yen (about RMB 4.52 million) in loans, and the annual interest rate is 1.5. %the following.
(The old people in Shangsheng Town sell their leaves to support themselves, can also pay taxes to the government)
The Japanese government supports the return of the elderly to the workplace. It is not just about people’s livelihood, but also about the country.
As we all know, Japan has entered a “super-aged” society. According to statistics, in 2019, Japan’s elderly people over the age of 65 accounted for 25% of the total population, that is, one out of every four people to the retirement age. Coupled with the low birth rate, the population of Japan has decreased by 272,000 in 2015 – the population has been decreasing year by year, the young reserve forces are insufficient, and the labor force is eventually short.
(The population of Japan will decrease by 30% in 50 years)
The Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare released data showing that in May 2019, Japan’s effective bidding rate was 1.62 times, which means that 162 jobs were filled every 100 people.
In order to fill the vacancies in the labor market and boost the economy, the Japanese government has actively introduced various policies and regulations to increase the employment participation rate of the elderly. In 2019, the Law on Employment and Security of High-Age Persons was amended to abolish the age limit for recruitment. The upper limit of the age of employment for enterprises is raised from 65 to 70 years old, and enterprises that employ people over 65 years old are subsidized.
The development of a country is the key to people. An aging country will inevitably be in dire stagnation and suffocating.
To mobilize the elderly to play the heat, Japan can stop the recession and become “old and not dead.”
How old is it? Everyone will face problems
Although the employment tide of the elderly only occurs in Japan, the problem of aging has spread to the whole world.
American scholar Ted Fishman visited the world to investigate the current situation of aging, and mentioned in the book “When the world is old and poor: the global impact of aging”: “In the future, humans will face a ‘white hair The New World, no matter in China, Japan, the United States or Spain, can’t escape”.
(2019 global ranking of ageing countries)
Japan, which belongs to the Confucian cultural circle, has already previewed the future social form for us.
Recently, several data are especially noteworthy. According to the “Statistical Bulletin on the Development of Civil Administration in 2018”, in the whole year of 2018, China registered 10.139 million marriage registrations according to law, and the marriage rate was 7.3‰, a record low since 2008. At present, there are more than 200 million single adults in China and more than 77 million single adults.
This also means that in the future China is very likely to be as old as Japan.
As ordinary people, we should consider it now –
Can you survive the hardships of your hard-earned money and let you spend your old age?
What should I do when you are old and poor, but you can’t make ends meet?
How old is it? This is a problem that every one of us will face.
Note: “Positive Solutions” is a financial self-media created by senior media people and financial practitioners at home and abroad. The Secretary focuses on originality, is talking about the situation, decoding finance, insight into the overall situation, to provide you with the most fresh information interpretation and the most authoritative investment advice.