The global energy crisis is intensifying. Can China’s energy security be effectively guaranteed? The heating season is about to come again, how will you spend this winter? Can coal and electricity supply keep up? “News 1+1” dialogue with China Energy Network chief expert Han Xiaoping and North China Electric Power University professor Zhang Xiaoping, together concerned: “guarantee supply”, energy security is the top priority!
1. What is the first thing to ensure this year’s energy supply? What’s the point?
Han Xiaoping, Chief Expert of China Energy Network: The first to ensure supply is of course electricity. Without electricity, the entire society cannot function. 70% of our electricity is generated by coal, especially when the wind is insufficient in winter, renewable energy is insufficient, and there may be continuous cloudy days in some places, and solar energy is not enough to generate electricity. Therefore, after these factors are superimposed, our demand for coal power is particularly large, and we need to ensure the supply of coal first.
While ensuring coal supply, we will increase our power supply so that all power plants can be fully operational. Of course, we still need to have enough natural gas, because the international market price is very high now, but even if the price is high now, some of our state-owned enterprises have bought it back in large quantities to protect people’s livelihood.
2. What is the impact of rising energy prices on enterprises?
Han Xiaoping, Chief Expert of China Energy Network: For some fully market-oriented companies that have nothing to do with people’s livelihood, if the energy cost is too high, the only way is to reduce production. So now some companies have begun to reduce production. In fact, it is not a bad thing to reduce production, because a proper reduction in production at this time can allow more resources to flow to the sectors we need most and the people’s livelihoods that we need most. We have been in a state of high growth this year, and we also need to take a break. Our steel and many of our energy-intensive enterprises have been operating at full speed this year. A large number of high-energy-consuming products Export, in fact, has nothing to do with people’s livelihood to a certain extent.
3. To ensure energy supply, how does the market-oriented reform of electricity prices play a role?
In the past few days, news about increasing coal production and ensuring supply has continued, and at the same time, further market-oriented reform of electricity prices has also been initiated. In the context of high coal prices, reforms can ease the relationship between “coal” and “electricity”, To promote the smooth operation of the power generation industry?
4. What effect does the market-oriented reform of electricity prices play in alleviating energy supply?
Zhang Xiaoli, professor of North China Electric Power University: The start of the market-oriented reform of electricity prices has played a positive role in alleviating the supply of energy.
① The price is determined by the market, which reflects the cost of power generation, which increases the enthusiasm of power generation companies’ production capacity. Increased power generation capacity promotes energy supply.
② The cost of electricity for high-energy-consuming users will increase, so that they will also save electricity, reduce part of the demand, and further promote the balance of supply and demand.
5. Is the market-oriented reform of electricity prices an emergency or a long-term strategy?
Zhang Xiaoli, professor of North China Electric Power University: It can solve the current power and energy supply problems, and the most important thing is a long-term mechanism. Market prices will rise when supply exceeds demand and fall when supply exceeds demand. Such changes will guide the optimal allocation of resources in the short term, and guide energy investment in the long term to ensure energy supply.