On October 20, at the press conference of the National Development and Reform Commission, some media asked how to view the current employment situation? In terms of job stabilization and employment, what are the follow-up policies and measures?
In this regard, Ha Zengyou, Director of the Employment Department of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that since the beginning of this year, as the economy continues to recover steadily, the employment The situation presents an overall stable, stable and positive development trend. It is embodied in two aspects: First, look at the urban surveyed unemployment rate. The control target set at the beginning of the year was about 5.5%. The average surveyed unemployment rate in the first nine months of this year was 5.2%. Among them, it was 4.9% in September, which decreased year-on-year and month-on-month respectively. 0.5 and 0.2 percentage points are new lows since 2019. In the face of the complex and severe international environment and multiple impacts such as the epidemic and floods, China has held the bottom line of preventing large-scale unemployment. Secondly, look at the new employment in cities and towns. The target set at the beginning of the year was to add more than 11 million people, and 10.45 million people have been completed in the first 9 months, accounting for 95% of the annual tasks. At the end of the third quarter, the total number of migrant workers was 183.03 million, a net increase of 700,000 over the end of the second quarter. In general, the National Development and Reform Commission is confident and capable of successfully accomplishing this year’s goals and tasks.
Ha Zengyou said that at the same time, there are still many uncertain factors in the current employment field. From the macroeconomic perspective, the current domestic economic recovery is still unstable and uneven, and the difficulties and challenges of stabilizing economic operations are increasing. In particular, some economic indicators have fallen in the third quarter, which has increased the difficulty of macroeconomic control. In terms of employment itself, the total pressure is still relatively large, and the structural contradictions are even more prominent. We must attach great importance to these difficulties and problems and must not be taken lightly.
Ha Zengyou said that in the next step, the National Development and Reform Commission will conscientiously organize and implement the “14th Five-Year Plan for Employment Promotion” in accordance with the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council to promote the realization of More adequate and higher-quality employment. Currently, the National Development and Reform Commission will focus on three things:
First, stable growth and employment promotion. To solve the employment problem, we must rely on development. We must strive to make the “cake” of economic development bigger and the “cake” of employment bigger. It will pay close attention to changes in the current economic situation, stabilize the reasonable expectations of the market in a timely manner, make a good cross-cyclical adjustment of macroeconomic policies, ensure that economic operations remain within a reasonable range, avoid major ups and downs in the short term, and lay a good foundation for promoting employment.
The second is to help companies relieve difficulties and ensure employment. The main body of the market is the “pillar” and the main force in absorbing employment, and keeping the main body of the market can keep the basic market of employment in our country. At present, China has 146 million market entities of various types. According to a market entity, an average of 8-10 Individual employment calculations, as long as the actual operating market entities maintain more than 100 million households, the employment of China’s huge labor force can remain stable and relatively sufficient. Since last year, due to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, some industries and enterprises, especially small, medium and micro enterprises engaged in the service industry and individual industrial and commercial households, have faced many difficulties, and employment and people’s livelihood have been greatly affected. The Party Central Committee and the State Council promptly introduced a series of high-growth-benefit policies on tax cuts and fees, aiding enterprises to stabilize jobs, and inclusive finance. Generally speaking, these policies have been implemented well. The problem now is that some companies have reported that they have not enjoyed policy dividends due to ignorance of the policies and complicated application procedures. Speaking from facts, after the repeated impact of the epidemic in the past two years, some companies have reached an unsustainable level, and the party and the government urgently need to help them. In the next step, we will work with relevant departments to strengthen the publicity, interpretation, supervision and guidance of the preferential enterprise policy, and strive to get through the last mile. At the same time, we also invite the local party committee and government, especially the grassroots cadres, to take up the responsibility of distributing the worries of the central government and alleviating the worries of the enterprises. “, so that the benefits of the enterprise policy should be fully enjoyed, and we should pay close attention to fulfilling it.
The third is to focus on key points to stabilize employment. Focus on groups such as college graduates, migrant workers, veterans, and urban residents in need, further strengthen employment assistance, improve employment services, carry out large-scale multi-level vocational skills training, broaden market-oriented and socialized employment channels, and stabilize employment basics To ensure that the risk of large-scale unemployment does not occur.