In the upsurge of entrepreneurship in the chip industry, a large number of domestic chip design start-ups have sprung up, and more wafer factories have been built around the country, resulting in a huge talent gap. What are the weaknesses of the current IC talent supply? How do colleges and universities cultivate IC talents needed by the market? How to cultivate innovative talents who can create disruptive new technologies in the Institute< Br>

in an exclusive interview with the news (, Zhou Peng, deputy dean of the school of microelectronics of Fudan University, said that the current IC talent supply is mainly faced with three weaknesses: structural imbalance, brain drain, and the integration of industry and education to be improved. It will not take a day to make up for the talent gap of hundreds of thousands. At present, in order to solve the problem of chip production capacity, professional technical talents are needed; In order to overcome the “neck sticking” problem, innovative talents are also needed. No matter what kind of training, it requires knowledge of physics, chemistry, materials, electronics, engineering, etc. The cultivation of innovative talents should also create a space of equality and freedom, and everyone should have a questioning attitude. Young people who want to enter the semiconductor industry should always pay attention to the latest progress of microelectronics technology at home and abroad, and cultivate their own practical ability and innovation awareness< img alt="" style="width:600px;" src=" "> Zhou Peng said that taking Fudan University as an example, Fudan will carry out” integrated circuit science and Engineering “in 2020 The pilot construction of first-class disciplines for doctoral degrees has been strengthened year by year. Great efforts have been made to this end and good results have been achieved. However, IC is a knowledge intensive industry, and the all-round training of IC talents is a long-term process. However, enterprises have more urgent demand for talents, which is far from enough to quench their thirst. Therefore, many enterprises tend to introduce talents and recruit people with high salaries in the short term< Br>

however, to fundamentally solve the talent problem, we still need the long-term joint efforts of the government, universities and enterprises. Zhou Peng said that there is still a gap between the current talent training plan and content of colleges and universities and the expectations of enterprises for talent knowledge structure, and the graduates lack practical operation ability and practical engineering experience. This problem is more obvious in the process field. He suggested that colleges and universities should strengthen ties with enterprises. Enterprises should provide students with more internship opportunities and cutting-edge projects. Colleges and universities should focus on the needs of engineering practice, carry out targeted education reform, and strengthen the practical ability of talents< Br>

due to the structural imbalance of talent supply to a certain extent, especially the lack of high-end leading talents and innovative talents, to solve the “bottleneck” problem of integrated circuits in China, we must pay attention to innovative talents and original achievements, and fully stimulate the vitality of scientific researchers< Br>

the cultivation of innovative talents should pay more attention to the theoretical basis and innovation ability, and focus on the world’s most advanced science and technology to exercise the ability of independent innovation. “Scientific research is the process of breaking down a big problem into several small difficulties one by one. In the process of solving difficulties and in the process of topic discussion, teachers should guide students to divergent thinking, not limited to the constraints of the existing framework. They are encouraged to remain curious, ask more questions and try more. Breaking through the Convention is the norm of scientific research.” Zhou Peng believes that to create a space of equality and freedom, everyone should have a questioning attitude< Br>

regardless of the training method, it is necessary to have sufficient knowledge of physics, chemistry, materials, electronics, engineering and other aspects in order to deeply understand the microelectronics industry and related knowledge system and improve students’ potential. Therefore, it is difficult to avoid a long training cycle< Br>

“it is unrealistic to train enough industrial talents only through colleges and universities in a short time, and not all types of work can only be trained through the education system.” Zhou Peng said that there are also some training institutions in the market that can provide targeted short-term training to supplement the short board of higher education and alleviate the “labor shortage” of the industry in a short time. “As for completely solving the problem of talent shortage, it still needs long-term efforts.”< Br>

Zhou Peng has been engaged in the research on new mechanisms, new materials and new devices of integrated circuits for a long time. His original technologies have been mainly published in Nature Nanotechnology, nature electronics and the international electronic device conference. He has carried out research in three aspects: new principle storage technology, new material application scheme, new heterojunction devices and advanced technology, The main representative achievements are as follows: the invention of a new type of charge memory with high speed and non-volatile; High area efficiency single transistor logic in-situ memory and circuit are realized; High performance memory devices, efficient algorithms and verification chips are obtained< Br>

team Zhou Peng cooperated with researcher huweida of Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and made original progress in the field of intelligent motion detection. The related paper “all in one” two-dimensional retinal hardware for motion detection and recognition “was published online in the international top journal Nature · nanotechnology last November. The device jointly developed by the two sides truly realizes the integration of dynamic sensing, storage and computing, and carries out image processing on a time scale for the first time< br>