More than 100 years ago, at the beginning of the Nobel Prize, physics was considered the most important subject.

The second prize of the 2019 Nobel Prize was announced.

The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences announced that James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz won this year’s Nobel Physics Awards to reward their discoveries in astrophysics.

The Nobel Prize in Physics focuses on four areas: particle physics, astrophysics, condensed matter physics, atomic molecules, and photophysics. Among the previous expectations, the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physics is likely to fall in the two fields of particle physics and condensed matter physics. Japanese scientists who have made great achievements in the field of condensed matter physics are highly expected.

But the ultimate laurel was the three scientists who studied astrophysics. In the past five years, the results of astrophysics have won three awards. In addition to this year, there are 2015 neutrino oscillations (belonging to astrophysics or particle physics) and the discovery of gravitational waves in 2017.

Among the three astronomers who won this year, Jim Peebles was born in Canada in 1935 and has been widely regarded as the world’s leading theoretical cosmologist since 1970. The other two are from Switzerland, Michelle Meyer was born in 1942,Zeng taught Department of Astronomy, University of Geneva; Didier Quiloz was born in 1966 and was very helpful in finding extrasolar planets. He discovered the first extrasolar planet around the main sequence star when he read Bo and Michel Meyer. .

Peebles will receive half of this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for his outstanding contributions to theoretical cosmology, with two Swiss scientists Michel Meyer and Didier Kyloz Each will receive a quarter of the total prize money and reward them for discovering the first extrasolar planet.

More than 100 years ago, at the beginning of the Nobel Prize, physics was considered to be the most important discipline, and it was also the discipline that promoted science and technology and social progress at that time. Among the wills of Nobel’s five major awards, it was the first. Also mentioned is physics.

It is worth mentioning that the Nobel Prize’s first female winner is also from the Physics Award. Marie Curie, also known as Madame Curie, won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 for her research on radioactivity and became the first female Nobel Prize winner. In 1911, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering the elements of strontium and radium, becoming the first two