This article is from WeChat official account:Zhengji Japan (ID: zhrb2019)< span class = "text-remarks">, author: Strategic Japan, the original title: “Japanese women’s status is low? I’m afraid it’s not your turn to laugh at, the head picture comes from: Visual China
A few days ago, the World Economic Forum released the 2021 edition of the “Gender Gap Report” for all countries in the world. Japan ranked 120th among all 156 countries. It has maintained the lowest level among developed countries, and has become the target of criticism from many people-“Japanese women are not humans”.
Japan’s ranking is not only low in Asia, but also almost the bottom in the world
So, what is the status of Japanese women? Let’s start with the analysis from the data in this report.
The first thing that needs to be clear is that this report of the World Economic Forum mainly reflects the difference between men and women in a certain country on a certain project. It is a relative value, not the absolute situation of women on the project. value.
In other words, don’t think that Japan’s gender equality ranks 120th in the world, and Japanese women’s quality of life and actual treatment are also the 120th in the world.
For example, there are four major parameters that make up the gender gap report, namely “economic participation opportunity”, “education level”, “health and survival”, and “political empowerment”.
In the “Economic Participation Opportunity” category, what are the top countries in the world?
Laos, Bahamas, Burundi, Belarus, Guinea, Barbados, Latvia, Benin…Except for Iceland, none of the top 10 is considered a developed country. There are even Burundi, Guinea, and Benin. This country has the lowest per capita GDP in the world.
If you are a woman and you want to live in “special equality between men and women”, if a man earns a dollar, a woman can earn 0.841 yuan in Burundi, or a man earns a dollar and a woman can only earn 0.651 yuan in Japan?
Look at the “education level” data again. The education level of Japanese women is only 92. How did this data come from?
Japan has achieved complete equality between men and women in both the literacy rate and the enrollment rate of primary education. As a result, the enrollment rate of secondary education and higher education is 0.953 and 0.952 for women, respectively.
But this data is wrong!
This is JapanThe latest issue of the white paper on gender equality published by the “Gender Equality Bureau” (the Japanese government agency used to promote gender equality).
In 2019, the rate of entering high schools in Japan is as follows: 96% of women and 95.6% of men. In fact, women are 0.4% higher than men. It is not at all that the probability of Japanese girls going to high school in the World Economic Forum is only 0.953 for boys.
Let’s look at the university enrollment rate again. Let’s use the latest data for 2020:
If you only look at ordinary universities, the rate of enrollment for men is higher than that of women, but 8% of Japanese girls still go to junior colleges. So, in total, the probability of Japanese girls getting higher education is 59.1%, and men’s only 58.1%. Girls are a full percentage point higher than boys.
As a result, at the World Economic Forum, the probability of Japanese girls receiving higher education is only 0.952 for boys.
So, in Japan, how can this education be equal to men and women? There is no equality at all, and girls have a higher chance of getting an education than boys.
Continue to look at the wonderful data.
Next is the item “health and survival”. This item includes two parameters. One is “gender ratio at birth”. Japan has no patriarchal sex, no gender screening, and no abortion, so it is naturally Needless to say, complete equality.
Another parameter is “healthy life expectancy”. Because this item has dragged its feet, Japanese women’s overall health equality index is only ranked 65th in the world—— strong>
According to the reported data, the healthy life expectancy of Japanese women is only 1.04 times that of men, which is too low.
Look at the countries that rank ahead of Japanese women–
Too many and not enough to post, Laos, Congo and other countries have higher health indexes than Japan
Japanese women are indeed living too unhealthy. The life expectancy is only 87.45 years old, the first in the world, and 51% of Japanese women will live to be over 90 years old…
The life expectancy of Japanese women is not so much higher than that of men. It is because Japanese men live too long. Life expectancy of 81.4 years is also the highest in the world.
Indeed, according to the algorithm of the World Economic Forum, if men die early, the status of women will improve. The turbulent places in Africa and South America rank much higher than Japan in this category. Maybe men in these countries died either from the war or from other high-risk activities.
The last item is political empowerment. There is nothing to say about this. The proportion of Japanese women in parliament and cabinet does need to be increased.
In short, if you look at this report carefully,Two of its four observation indicators are extremely unfair to Japan, and even mistaken the data altogether. In addition, the setting of economic parameters also makes sense. unknown. The equality of men and women in Japan is definitely not at the level of 120 in the world.
Next, let’s take a 10,000 step back. Let’s first accept the data in this report. According to the image outlined by it, Japanese women are paid less than men, cannot get into high-level positions in the workplace, and hardly have seats in the political world. So the conclusion is naturally related-Japanese women get married and go home early and become full-time wives. Many people also look down on “Japanese women go home as soon as they get married”, thinking that this is a manifestation of the low status of Japanese women.
But in fact, what many people don’t know is that there are fewer and fewer full-time wives in Japan. Working together with husband and wife has become the mainstream of society——
The red line is a full-time wife’s family, and the black line is a dual-career family
Secondly, when many people talk about full-time wives, they feel that they are a role image whose job is not recognized and cannot realize their self-worth.
However, in Japan, the work of full-time wives is recognized and protected by national policies.
Japanese full-time wives are called “Dependent Family” or “Type 3 Insurer” in policy, as long as the husband goes to work and joins the Employees’ Pension. Then the wife hardly has to pay any additional health insurance and endowment insurance costs, nor does he have to pay resident tax and income tax. At the same time, the husband can also receive 380,000 and 330,000 income and resident tax deductions. (from the total taxMinus).
The picture above is from “Daddy Xiaowu”
Furthermore, even if the full-time wife almost doesn’t pay a penny, it can help her husband pay less tax. In addition, you can also enjoy the same health insurance as your husband, and you only pay 30% regardless of the doctor’s prescription.
More importantly, the wife can get 100% of the national basic pension after her husband retires.
This was a problem in 1986 when the Japanese government tried to prevent full-time wives from having no job and self-saving when they were young, and it would be difficult for them to live if their husband died or divorced when they were old. Full-time housewives are allotted 100% of the national basic pension, which is very rare in developed countries around the world: Germany, Sweden and other countries do not pay, the United States only pays 50%, and the UK only pays 60%.
If the husband dies, the full-time housewife will not only get 100% of her basic pension, but also 75% of her husband’s welfare pension–
If it is a divorce, then the wife can also receive the husband’s welfare pension, and the longer the marriage, the more they may receive, and the maximum can be divided into half.
How many countries in the world can protect the rights of full-time housewives like this? Can they recognize their labor and give them back?
So, in Japan, the happiness of full-time wives is much higher than that of working women——
Left: Women in the workplace Right: Full-time wife
In addition, what many people may not know is that Japanese women’s overall happiness is higher than that of men, and it is almost the highest in the world:
This article is from WeChat official account:Zhengji Japan (ID: zhrb2019)< span class = "text-remarks">, author: Japan Latitude span>