This article is from WeChat official account:Zhengji Japan (ID: zhrb2019)< span class = "text-remarks">, author: Strategic Japan, from head Figure: vision China span> p>
Since April this year, Japan’s new version of the “Employment Stability Law for the Elderly” has been formally implemented. In this law, Japan has raised the upper limit of the number of years old people can work, from 65 to 70.
Of course, this law is not yet compulsory. It only requires companies to provide conditions for those who want to continue working after 65 years of age to continue working until the age of 70. If you want to retire at 65, it’s OK.
Ministry of Health and Welfare’s official website: Not mandatory to raise the retirement age to 70 years old
However, for the past half a century, Japan has raised its retirement age by five years every few decades; inferring from this, it is not too far in the future to officially include 70 as the retirement age.
Many people will ask, is it too cruel to let the elderly work for so long in Japan?
It’s wrong. It’s cruel to stop them from working. You can ask this because you don’t know old Japanese people too much.
In 2019, the average life expectancy of Japanese is 84.43 years old, 51% of women and 27% of men can live to be over 90 years old.
The healthy life expectancy of Japanese (physical condition does not affect daily life at all) is also terrible: In 2016, Japan The healthy life expectancy of men is 72.14 years, and that of women is as high as 74.79 years.
The more terrifying thing is–
This picture is the data of the “Physical Performance Survey” of the Japan Sports Agency. Comprehensive scoring results after testing the comprehensive data of “grip strength, sit-ups, forward bending, standing on one foot, walking with 10 meters obstacles, and 6 minutes walking”.
It can be clearly found that in 2018, Japanese men and women between the ages of 70 and 74 had better physical strength than Japanese men and women between the ages of 65 and 69 in 2000, and Japanese women between the ages of 75 and 79 were 70 The ~74-year-old Japanese woman has better physical strength.
And it’s not just physical strength.
These two pictures are the numerical thinking ability and reading ability of different age groups, the average level of Japanese elderly, and the average level of the OECD. (OECD is the largest alliance organization in developed countries in the world)
For Japanese men, even if they are over 75 years old, 41.8% of them maintain exercise habits. This physical fitness can be said to be quite strong. (Of course, this has a lot to do with Japan’s emphasis on physical exercise since early childhood. Related reading: What is the difference in physical fitness between Chinese and Japanese children?)
So, don’t think of the 70-year-old Japanese old man, who is the kind of poor old man who has to commute and check in. On the contrary, their physical and mental power are quite low.Wrong, it is completely within the average healthy life expectancy of Japan.
Moreover, it’s better not to think that the old Japanese people have to continue working because they don’t have money–
This is the survey data of the Cabinet Office in 2019. The pink option is “family conditions are loose, do not worry about livelihood issues”, and the blue option is “family conditions are not so loose, but there is no need to worry about livelihoods.”
In other words, 74.1% of Japanese people over 60 don’t have to worry about their livelihoods at all.
In fact, they don’t have to worry about their livelihoods, they are very rich!
This is the 2018 survey data of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, and the assets of households of all ages in Japan.
Pink is savings, blue is debt, red line is annual income, green line is home purchase rate.
60~69 years old, the average savings of Japanese households is 23.27 million yen(1.38 million RMB), over 70 years old, the average savings is There are also 22.49 million yen, and more than 90% have already bought houses. There are millions of yen in pensions and other income every year……
Among households over 60 years old, 16.6% have a deposit of more than 40 million yen(2.37 million RMB). This deposit is not Including real estate stock insurance securities, it is purely cash. A total of 40% of households over the age of 60 have a deposit of more than 20 million yen(1.18 million RMB).
So, do you think older people really continue to work for money?
This is the survey data about “Why do you work”. Pink is “for income”, blue is “work itself is very interesting, you can use your knowledge and abilities”, green is “work is good for your body and can prevent aging”.
Among all Japanese people over 60 years old, only 45.4% work for income, 23.5% work for good health, 21.9% think work is fun to reflect their value, and 4.4% People want to make friends and communicate with others through work.
And the older you are, the less you work for money.
The survey data of another company also showed the same result:
For workers over 70, 61.8% are to maintain their health, 37.4% are to communicate with others, and 32.1% are to live a fulfilling life. Working for money is less than half.
So, even if Japan does not introduce this policy, Japanese elderly people’s desire to continue to work has long been unable to suppress–
In 2019, 48.4% of employed persons aged 65-69 in Japan reached 48.4%, and half of them would not retire at this age. The employment rate of 70-74 years old was 32.2%, and the employment rate even for those over 75 years old was 10.3%. !
The Cabinet Office asked the elderly, when do you want to work?
Among the people over 60 who are working, only 11.6% think it’s okay to work until 65, 23.4% think they want to work to 70, 19.3% want to work to 75, and 7.6 % Of people want to work until they are 80 years old. What’s more, the most important option is that 36.7% of people feel that “work until they can’t work”! Only 0.8% do not want to work!
How can we prevent these elderly people who have good physical strength, good brain power, and money at home, in order to maintain their health, reflect their self-worth, and communicate with others not to work? It is cruel if you don’t let them work…
This article is from WeChat official account:Zhengji Japan (ID: zhrb2019)< span class = "text-remarks">, author: Strategic Japan span> p>